广告

心率、心率变异性和主观工作负载在喷气式飞机的商业飞行员处理动作

会议论文
  • 1.4 k下载
的一部分网络和系统的课堂讲稿本系列(221年处理,体积)

文摘

心脏功能(通过测量心率和心率变异性)研究了作为试点工作的目标措施,通过比较心脏功能在不同飞行演习。然而,没有研究调查了心脏功能措施是否可以检测负载变化之间的相同类型的演习,但不同程度的困难(例如,正常和陡峭的转身)。商业飞行员(n = 14)飞一个简短的场景在一个窄体飞机模拟器,由一个正常的,简单的摊位,陡峭,而复杂的摊位。心率、心率变异性、NASA-TLX和飞行路径偏差记录。我们发现心率和心率变异性模式参与者之间稳定和显示清晰的策略类型之间的差异。然而,我们没有观察到任何变化由于操纵困难。NASA-TLX评级高亮显示差异操纵困难,但不是策略类型。我们的研究表明,心脏的组合措施和主观措施是最好的了解工作负载。进一步的研究需要建立使用指南工作负载的心脏功能的指标。

关键字

工作负载 航空 心率 心率变异性 NASA-TLX 模拟器

笔记

确认

作者要感谢中心魁北克人德形成打破原有的专业知识和模拟器访问,没有这个实验是不可能的。

引用

  1. 该隐,B。:A review of the mental workload literature (2007).https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a474193.pdf
  2. 喀斯,M。Dehais F。、Faaland P.-O。Cauchard F。:An analysis of mental workload and psychological stress in pilots during actual flight using heart rate and subjective measurements. In: Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Research in Air Transportation (ICRAT 2012) (2012)谷歌学术搜索
  3. De Rivecourt M。、Kuperus M.N.、Post、j•穆德,L.J.M.:Cardiovascular and eye activity measures as indices for momentary changes in mental effort during simulated flight. Ergonomics51(9),1295 - 1319 (2008)。https://doi.org/10.1080/00140130802120267 CrossRef谷歌学术搜索
  4. Endsley,核磁共振:Toward a theory of situation awareness in dynamic systems. Hum. Factors: J. Hum. Factors Ergon. Soc.37(1),32 - 64 (1995)。https://doi.org/10.1518/001872095779049543 CrossRef谷歌学术搜索
  5. 汉,教学楼。威尔逊,G.F.:A comparison of heart rate, eye activity, EEC and subjective measures of pilot mental workload during flight. Aviat. Space Environ. Med.69年(4),360 - 367 (1998)谷歌学术搜索
  6. Hart信号发生器、Staveland L.E.:Development of NASA-TLX (task load index): results of empirical and theoretical research. In Hancock, P.A., Meshkati, N. (eds.) Advances in Psychology, no. 52, pp. 139–183. Elsevier Science Publishers (1988)谷歌学术搜索
  7. 那么Hidalgo-Munoz境Mouratille D。Matton, N。喀斯,M。Rouillard, Y。El-Yagoubi, R。:Cardiovascular correlates of emotional state, cognitive workload and time-on-task effect during a realistic flight simulation. Int. J. Psychophysiol.128年,62 - 69 (2018)。https://doi.org/10.1016/J.IJPSYCHO.2018.04.002 CrossRef谷歌学术搜索
  8. Jorna, P.G.A.M.:心率and workload variations in actual and simulated flight. Ergonomics36(9),1043 - 1054 (1993)。https://doi.org/10.1080/00140139308967976 CrossRef谷歌学术搜索
  9. 金妮,L。O ' hare, D。:Responding to an unexpected in-flight event: physiological arousal, information processing, and performance. Hum. Factors62年(5),737 - 750 (2020)。https://doi.org/10.1177/0018720819854830 CrossRef谷歌学术搜索
  10. 李,Y.H.,刘,狗屁:Inflight workload assessment: comparison of subjective and physiological measurements. Aviat. Space Environ. Med.74年(10),1078 - 1084 (2003)谷歌学术搜索
  11. 主持人,P。Karavidas, M。陆,S。Vaschillo E。,Vaschillo B。程,。:Cardiac data increase association between self-report and both expert ratings of task load and task performance in flight simulator tasks: an exploratory study. Int. J. Psychophysiol.76年(2),80 - 87 (2010)。https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2010.02.006 CrossRef谷歌学术搜索
  12. Luque-Casado,。J.C.·佩拉尔斯,Cardenas D。Sanabria D。:心率变异性and cognitive processing: the autonomic response to task demands. Biol. Psychol (2016).https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsycho.2015.11.013
  13. Mansikka, H。Simola, P。维尔塔宁,K。哈里斯,D。Oksama, L。:Fighter pilots’ heart rate, heart rate variation and performance during instrument approaches. Ergonomics59(10),1344 - 1352 (2016)。https://doi.org/10.1080/00140139.2015.1136699 CrossRef谷歌学术搜索
  14. Mansikka, H。维尔塔宁,K。哈里斯,D。:Comparison of NASA-TLX scale, modified Cooper-Harper scale and mean inter-beat interval as measures of pilot mental workload during simulated flight tasks. Ergonomics62年(2),246 - 254 (2019)。https://doi.org/10.1080/00140139.2018.1471159 CrossRef谷歌学术搜索
  15. Mansikka, H。维尔塔宁,K。哈里斯,D。Simola, P。:Fighter pilots’ heart rate, heart rate variation and performance during an instrument flight rules proficiency test. Appl. Ergon.56,213 - 219 (2015)。https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2016.04.006 CrossRef谷歌学术搜索
  16. 摩尔T.M.Picou,。:A potential bias in subjective ratings of mental effort. J. Speech Lang. Hear. Res.61年(9),2405 - 2421 (2018)。https://doi.org/10.1044/2018_jslhr - h - 17 - 0451 CrossRef谷歌学术搜索
  17. 罗斯科,A.H.:Stress and workload in pilots. Aviat. Space Environ. Med.49(4),630 - 636 (1978)谷歌学术搜索
  18. 罗斯科,A.H.:Assessing pilot workload. Why measure heart rate, HRV and respiration? Biol. Psychol.34(2 - 3),259 - 287 (1992)。https://doi.org/10.1016/0301 - 0511 (92) 90018 - p CrossRef谷歌学术搜索
  19. 罗斯科,A.H.:心率as a psychophysiological measure for in-flight workload assessment. Ergonomics36(9),1055 - 1062 (1993)。https://doi.org/10.1080/00140139308967977 CrossRef谷歌学术搜索
  20. 运输加拿大:驾驶员熟练检查和飞机类型评级飞行测试指南(飞机)(问题(修改1)第一版)。加拿大政府(2017)。https://www.tc.gc.ca/eng/civilaviation/publications/tp14727 -菜单- 2709. - htm
  21. 吉姆,R。Matzke D。李,医学博士劳德,J.N.艾弗森,G.J.Wagenmakers E。:Statistical evidence in experimental psychology: an empirical comparison using 855 t tests. Perspect. Psychol. Sci.6(3),291 - 298 (2011)。https://doi.org/10.1177/1745691611406923 CrossRef谷歌学术搜索
  22. 年轻,硕士、Brookhuis·、Wickens C.D.汉考克,公共广播:State of science: mental workload in ergonomics. Ergonomics58(1),1卷(2015)。https://doi.org/10.1080/00140139.2014.956151 CrossRef谷歌学术搜索

版权信息

©作者(年代),独家许可下Springer自然瑞士AG) 2021beplay登入

作者和联系

  1. 1。康科迪亚大学蒙特利尔加拿大
  2. 2。魁北克视觉研究网络蒙特利尔加拿大

个性化推荐